• William Tyler

JW3 Italy Course 17 March

Italy becomes a good European: The 1950s

  • The Monarchy: Abdication and Referendum 1945/46

  • What sort of Republic? 1946

  • End of Empire 1947

  • Analysis of General Election 1948

  • Recovery of Trieste 1954

  • Crisis in Italian Communism 1956/57


  • Merlin Law!

  • The Papacy: Death of Hitler's Pope, Pius XII, and Papacy of John XXIII 1958-63

Another new reference:

A History of Contemporary Italy 1943-88 by Paul Ginsburg

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