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Synopsis for JW3 Caucasus Class 4th November

Russian Ottoman Wars


Recap & Intro

First conflict 1568-70

18th century: Russian expansionism and Ottoman decline

19th century: France and Britain take an interest. The Crimean War

Aftermath of Crimean War for Russians and Ottomans

Russo-Turkish War 1877-78

First Armenian massacres in 1890s

Inexorably towards 1914 and Fall of both Russian and Ottoman Empires (more next week)



Some new references


War in European History Michael Howard

Turkey Richard Stoneman



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