Russo-Persian Wars in The Caucasus 1651-1828
These recurring wars, fought for control over The Caucasus, led to the rise of Russia in the region and the decline of Persia, itself part of the general decline of The Persian Empire.
Yet, by the 19th century, these wars became of wider significance. The rise of Russia posed a threat to British India, and both Britain and France were courted by Persia as allies who would readily supply arms and money. However, Britain and France for much of this period were sworn enemies as Britain fought, at times almost alone, against the power of Napoleon. You might say that Britain was fighting 'The Great Game' (against Russia) and 'The Old Game' (against France.
And this is only part of the story because Russian gains brought it into direct conflict with The Ottoman Empire, whom both Britain and France, for their own reasons, wished to keep going (hence the later Crimean War in mid century when Britain, France, and The Ottoman Empire fought the Russians in The Crimea).
So, as Max Bygraves used to say, 'let me tell you a story' .....
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